As the most important factor, balanced nutrition increases athletes’ efficiency by providing energy and necessary nutrients for body which has direct effect on speed, strength, and concentration of athletes either in workout sessions or in competitions and is one of the key factors for athletes’ success. So, appropriate diet plan align with exact and proper use of supplements not only provides energy for athletes’ body, but also provides good conditions for better activity and supplies nutritional needs of body especially micronutrients.
There are some factors such as age, gender, and physique, the workout intensity and duration that affect the amount of energy demands in athletes. Therefore, designing a diet regime should be done by prescription of nutritionist and be specific to each person. Yet, there are lots of common fields in the nutrition of athletes. For example, there are some kinds of sport supplements such as protein, energy, and recovery-specific supplements for all sports.